- - - Fun Facts - - -

Ok - - There is nothing fun about mosquitoes but read on!!

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

January 2019

Mosquitoes are not the only insect pests who find humans to be a source of a blood meal. Black flies and no-see-ums also bite humans. These insects cannot be eliminated totally, but they can be controlled with the use of modern technological solutions.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 February 2019

Our website is currently under a "rebuild"

Check back later!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

March 2019

We're Back!!

Check out the whole site! A new page as also been added titled Fun Activities!

There are several WORDSEARCH PUZZLES for anyone of any age to solve! Different items will be posted on a regular basis! 

Have Fun!!!!

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

April 2019

Track and Field Season

In Ohio, the outdoor track and field seasons for high schools and colleges are under way! If mosquitoes entered the competitions with all the other insects, such as wasps and flies, and since mosquitoes aren’t the strongest of fliers and are quite slow, they wouldn't be helping their teams win any events. It is estimated that these biting insects can only fly at speeds between 1 and 1.5 mph so you can’t expect them to be breaking any 100 M records anytime soon!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- May 2019 -

These numbers are unbelievable!

Insects are the pre-eminent form of metazoan life on land. The class Insecta contains over three-quarters of a million described species. Estimates for the total number of extant species vary between 1 and 10 million, and it’s been calculated that as many as 10 to the 19th power (100,000,000,000,000,000,000) individual insects are alive at any given moment! (McGavin 2001). That totals about 200 million for each man, woman and child on Earth!

 

It is estimated there are 14,000 species of insects from five orders that feed on blood. (Adams, 1999). But, thankfully, only 300 to 400 species regularly attract our attention. These blood-sucking insects are of immense importance to humanity.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- June 2019 -

  • Homeowners frequently call the District to report mosquito problems. In many instances what appears to be a mosquito is actually another type of insect. The below insects are the insects most commonly mistaken to be mosquitoes. None of these insects bite or carry diseases in Valley County, but many can still be annoying. Many of these hatch in very large numbers and are attracted to lights around the home.

 

  1. Midges (Chironomidae) are the most wide spread and numerous insects resembling mosquitoes. Adult Midges are commonly observed flying in swarms or "clouds", or are seen resting on fences, walls, under eaves and in protected areas such as porches and entryways. Individual adults will live about seven days depending upon the species and weather conditions. The larvae develop in sources having extensive areas of standing water 
     

  2. Meniscus Midges (Dixidae) are common around moist areas where vegetation is abundant and may be seen swarming at dusk along the edges of streams and lakes. The adults are short lived, usually being active less than a week. The larvae are found in slow moving water, at the surface, and swim in a characteristic "U" shape.
     

  3. Wood Gnats (Anisopodidae) larvae are found in or near decaying vegetation, fermenting sap, animal manure, tree trunks, mud and sometimes sewage. Adults are found on foliage in or near damp places, some are found around flowing sap. They are sometimes seen in small swarms.
     

  4. Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) are quite abundant in Valley County near creeks, streams, irrigation canals, and other water sources. Their larvae are found in most aquatic habitats and can live in moving water.
     

  5. Crane Flies (Tipulidae) are delicate insects varying in size from 1/4 inch to as large as 1 1/2 inches in length. The largest crane flies are sometimes called "daddy-long-legs", "gully nippers", or "mosquito hawks". They do not bite people and they do not eat mosquitoes. Some species of crane flies emerge from aquatic sources and others from terrestrial or decaying vegetation sources.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- July 2019 -

Why are Mosquitoes Attracted to Me???????

Some people produce more of certain chemicals in their skin.

Depending on the type of blood you have, you secrete different scents. Studies have shown that mosquitoes are most attracted to Type O blood and least attracted to Type A. No changing your blood type either. Also, Lactic acid is emitted through your skin when you are active or eating certain foods and that also attracts mosquitoes to get a blood meal from you!

_____________________________________________________________________________

- August 2019 -

This may not be 100% accurate as we haven’t asked any mosquitoes what their favorite film is, but like Jennifer Grey and Patrick Swayze in the hit film from the 80s mosquitoes have their own unique dance. Before mating, mosquitoes engage in a sort of dance which involves beating their wings in a call-and-response type of manner.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- September 2019 - 

Do mosquitoes sleep at night?

Some are more active during the day, and others come out more at night. Some mosquito species in the genus Aedes are active during the day, and they tend to bite humans aggressively during these hours, particularly in the morning and late afternoon.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- October 2019 -

                                                             Where are there no mosquitoes?

There are not many places in the world mosquitoes don't populate. Antarctica is mosquito free, and new research suggests there are no mosquitoes in Iceland, New Caledonia, the Central Pacific Islands and Seychelles in the Indian Ocean.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- November, 2019 -

 

       Mosquitoes Have Benefited Science

The design of their proboscis has inspired scientists to design less-painful hypodermic needles, examine strategies to make needle insertion easier, and create insertion guides to better place tiny electrodes into the brain.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- December 2019 -

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

January 2018

With the unusually cold weather we are enduring this winter I bet you wonder where mosquitoes go during cold weather. Well, maybe there are other things you are thinking about, but read on!

Most mosquitoes usually disappear when cold weather comes our way, but they don't go away for long. They have several ways to get through the cold weather.

A lot species of mosquitoes are killed off when the weather turns freezing, leaving only eggs which lie on the ground, until the warmer temperatures and rain come along so they may hatch and produce a new generation. Except in the warmest part of their range, these adult mosquitoes only live during the summer.

Mosquitoes that belong to the genera Culiseta, Culex and Anopheles, go to sleep for the winter, also known as hibernating, and so do some other less common types in Ohio and other areas where cold weather makes a habit of returning each year.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

February 2018

This months fact seems appropiate for the "Valentine Month"

Mosquito mates synchronize their wing beats to perform a lover's duet.

Scientists once thought that only male mosquitoes could hear the wing beats of their potential mates, but recent research on Aedes aegypti mosquitoes proved females listen for lovers, too. When the male and female meet, their buzzing synchronizes to the same speed.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

March 2018

March is when St. Patricks Day is celebrated so lets see if there are mosquitoes in Ireland!

Health inspectors have found 53 different species of mosquitoes in Ireland, including forms that spread malaria and the West Nile virus.

The surveillance was carried out last year by laying traps under bushes, near trees and in shady places located around points of entry, such as Shannon Airport, Dublin Airport and the seaports of Dublin, Cork, Waterford and Limerick.

They include Anopheles plumbeus, which has been shown to be a "reasonably good transmitter of malaria".

The vast majority of species were Culex pipiens, which can carry diseases such as West Nile virus. No evidence of the Aedes species, which has been linked to the Zika virus, was found.

The larvae - a junior form of mosquito - develop once the water or ground temperatures are consistently above 10 degrees centigrade (50 degrees fahrenheit) according to a report by the HSE environmental officers.

The potential for mosquitoes to enter Ireland is through vessels, aircraft and cargo arriving into Irish ports from Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Mexico and Panama.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

April 2018

"April showers that bring May flowers!"

Not only do the showers bring those flowers we are anxiously waiting to see but those same showers bring on the dreaded mosquitoes that not only are a nuisance but can and do spread diseases. The eggs that mosquitoes lay can remain dormant for several years but when water hits them and the eggs remain in the water source for a few days they can hatch and start the cycle to become adults.

April is a good time to scout your property and remove any item that holds water or at least empty the standing water from them. This includes old tires, toys, childrens swimming pools and etc. One mosquiting breeding place are the gutters on buildings. They may have debris laying in them and will hold enough moisture which mosquitoes love. It's always good to check and clean them on a regular basis.

Tree holes are another source which mosquitoes thrive in. And that little water bottle cap - - it can hold enough water for the mosquito to lay her eggs which could be as many as 400 of them which will hatch in a matter of a few days.

So take time to look around your property and see what you can do to help reduce the mosquito population. It will help you be able to enjoy your outdoor activities!

Remember, the BNMAD is here to Keep a Safe Environment, Protect Your Health and Help You ENJOY Your Outdoors!!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

May 2018

As if mosquitoes don't give us enough concerns ticks in our area have been on the increase and read on for a serious health concern we need to educate ourselves about - Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is transmitted by the blacklegged tick and is the most prevalent tick-borne disease of humans in Ohio and the United States. This bacterial disease is named after Lyme, Connecticut, where cases were first reported in 1975. The nymphal stage of the blacklegged tick is usually responsible for transmitting Lyme disease, which is caused by the bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi.

Symptoms may include a bull's-eye rash developing at the site of a tick bite within two to 32 days. This rash is diagnostic for Lyme disease. However, up to 40 percent of infected humans do not develop a ring-rash, which is almost always more than 2 to 3 inches across. Fever, headache, fatigue, or joint pain also may be symptoms of Lyme disease. Immediate antibiotic therapy for Lyme disease reduces the risk of neurological, arthritic, or cardiac complications developing days to years later.

Dogs are susceptible to Lyme disease. Precautions should be taken to protect them from tick exposure. Although cats are not susceptible to Lyme disease, they are particularly likely to pick up blacklegged ticks and transport them into the home environment. Before using any over-the-counter product, it is recommended that you consult your veterinarian.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

June 2018

Mosquito Bites

When you think about why a mosquito bite itches, it’s really kind of gross. A mosquito bite itches, after all, because you’re having a localized allergic reaction to the saliva the mosquito injects into you before it bites. So obviously, the first thing you’ll want to do to treat a mosquito bite is try to avoid getting one in the first place!

However, if you do your best to stay away from mosquitoes, make yourself a less appetizing snack by using repellents and still get a bite, there are several things you can use to stop the itch. Follow the label for correct usage.

The first is to apply ice to the bite. Using a topical antihistamine product can also help stop the itch, as can taking an oral antihistamine product. Oral antihistamines can cause drowsiness, however, so that may not be your best choice.

There are a number of products marketed specifically for relief of insect bites. Be sure to read the product label carefully and follow the directions before applying.

Calamine lotion can also be used to soothe itching skin. This lotion is a well-known remedy for itchy skin, such as the kind that results from poison ivy and chicken pox. Hydrocortisone cream can also help reduce itching.

If you need something more than just itch relief and want to numb the bite, try applying a teething gel such as Ora-jel.

Whatever you do, avoid scratching the bite. This causes more histamine to be released – increasing the itching – and can cause the site to become infected.

Mosquito bites are generally annoying, but not dangerous unless you have a true allergy or receive a great number of bites. As with any insect bite, if you notice symptoms of a serious reaction, which include swelling, the development of a rash, wheezing or difficulty breathing, call 911 right away.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

July 2018

With the extremely hot weather, which has currently settled here in Ohio, makes the following "fun facts" quite relevant!

The best time to avoid mosquitoes is in the afternoon, when temperatures are hottest and the insects rest in cooler spots.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists only four chemicals as being effective for repelling mosquitoes: DEET, Picaridin, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (or its synthetic version, called PMD) and IR3535.

Mosquitoes are attracted to the carbon dioxide, lactic acid and octenol found in our breath and sweat, and they also sense the heat and humidity that surrounds our bodies. They may also have a preference for beer drinkers.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

August 2018

Mosquitoes are slow fliers

Mosquitoes average a flight speed of 1 to 1.5 miles per hour. That might sound fast, but they're not setting any insect speed records. If a race were held between all the flying insects, nearly every other contestant would beat the pokey mosquito. Butterflies, locusts, and honey bees would all finish well ahead of the skeeter.

A mosquito's wings beat 300-600 times per second

This would explain that irritating buzzing sound you hear just before a mosquito lands on you and bites.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

September 2018

This isn’t a very “fun Fact” at all but this is a fact.

Ohio nearly every year leads the nation with human cases of LaCrosse Encephalitis. This disease can affect all ages but it particularly affects the young. In this year of 2018, as of September 10, there are 12 humans with the virus. They range in age from 3 years to 17 years old. The median age is 7 and 1/2 years old. This includes 9 girls and 3 boys.

La Crosse virus (LACV) is an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) in the California group of viruses spread by the bite of infected mosquitoes.

Most people are infected in Ohio by the eastern treehole mosquito, Aedes triseriatus, an aggressive daytime biting mosquito commonly found in wooded areas. La Crosse virus is endemic in Ohio, and Ohio has reported more human cases than any other state in the United States, averaging about 20 cases per year.

The best way to prevent La Crosse virus disease is to prevent mosquito bites.

Be sure to keep water from collecting in items laying on your properties and check tree holes that may hold water that helps to breed mosquitoes and eliminate these problem areas. It helps to spray an insect repellent on yourself or children if going to be participating in outdoor activities. For adults use a repellent containing at least 25% DEET and on children use one containing 10% DEET.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

October 2018

Colder temperatures are on their way! But unfortunatley the freezing temperatures we will have over the winter months will not destroy any eggs the mosquitoes have laid and have not hatched. They can lay dormant for several years until they are again immersed in water for several days.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

November 2018

When the topic of mosquito control is discussed, thrown into the mix is usually a fervent argument for installing purple martin houses and bat houses. Stores that cater to bird enthusiasts often tout the purple martin houses as the best solution for keeping your yard mosquito free. Bats, which may not be the most beloved of mammals, are defended with the claim that they consume hundreds of mosquitoes per hour.

The truth of the matter is that neither purple martins nor bats provide any significant measure of mosquito control. While both eat mosquitoes, the insect makes up a very tiny portion of their diets.

For bats and birds, mosquitoes are more like a passing snack.

Multiple studies of wild bats have consistently shown that mosquitoes consist of less than 1 percent of their diet. In purple martins, the percentage of mosquitoes in their diet is slightly higher—about 3 percent, at most.

The reason is simple. The payoff is small. A bird or a bat that feeds on insects must invest considerable energy in flying around and must catch the bugs in mid-air. Birds and bats are usually seeking the biggest caloric bang for their buck. Given the choice between a mosquito morsel, a hardy beetle, or a mouthful of moth, the mosquito hardly makes the top-10 list.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

December 2018

Just relax and enjoy the Holiday Season!